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Treatment Of Cardiac (heart) Diseases

Treatment Of Cardiac (heart) Diseases in india

It is a procedure to locate the arterial blockages. The arterial blockages are caused due to narrowing of the arterial walls that reduces the flow of blood through the artery and can lead to coronary artery diseases or myocardial infarction. The coronary arteries can become narrow and blocked due to building up of a plaques on their inner walls.

In Angiography, the cardiologist guides a thin catheter, through a femoral artery in the groin area (or radial artery in the wrist is now preferred) into the coronary arteries. Then, a liquid dye is injected through the catheter by which the blockage in coronary arteries is identified after which the cardiologist decides on the further course of action.

During the procedure, the patient is conscious and it is more or less a painless procedure. However, the patient may feel some discomfort in the blood vessel where the catheter was inserted. Coronary Angiography rarely has serious complications.

Treatment Of Cardiac (heart) Diseases in india

Angioplasty or Balloon Angioplasty or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is performed after angiography if there is significant blockage in the coronary arteries. In this procedure a catheter is inserted and guided towards the blocked area of the artery. Thereafter, another catheter with a small balloon on the tip is passed through the first catheter and as the balloon reaches the blocked area, the balloon is inflated, which compresses the plaque and blood flow of the coronary artery is restored to its previous level due to widening of its lumen. Finally, the balloon is deflated and withdrawn and the patient is relieved of the symptoms.

Treatment Of Cardiac (heart) Diseases in india

Angioplasty is often combined with the permanent placement of a small wire mesh tube called a stent to help prop the artery open and decrease its chance of narrowing again. Some stents are coated with medication to help keep your artery open (drug-eluting stents), while others are not (bare-metal stents).

Angioplasty can improve symptoms of blocked arteries, such as chest pain and shortness of breath. Angioplasty can also be used during a heart attack to quickly open a blocked artery and reduce the amount of damage to your heart.

Unhealthy eating habits, lack of exercise, high levels of cholesterol in the blood , stress, smoking and associated diabetes (alone or a combination of more than one) can lead to buildup of cholesterol, cells or other substances (plaque) in the coronary arteries which result in its narrowing. This can reduce blood flow to your heart and cause chest discomfort. Sometimes a blood clot can suddenly form and completely block blood flow, which lead to a heart attack. Angioplasty opens blocked arteries and restores normal blood flow to your heart muscle.